Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional spinal deformity of unknown cause and generally develops in middle or late childhood during growth spurts. It requires surgery, under rare circumstances, when the curves are severe (typically more than 50 degrees.) Via current techniques, excellent correction of the scoliosis may be obtained with minimal risk. Visit eOrthopod for more detailed information about scoliosis.

The case below shows a twelve-year-old female with severe scoliosis. She was treated with posterior spinal fusion, ponte osteotomies, and fixation with titanium peticle screws and rods with excellent correction. This patient has returned to normal activities, including cheerleading at school.

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Comparison of pre-op and post-op PA view.

Comparison of pre-op and post-op lateral view.

Adult Scoliosis

Adult scoliosis is a result of disc degeneration and often associated previous idiopathic scoliosis.  The curves are usually much stiffer and often associated with a decompensated posture.  Visit eOrthopod for more detailed information about scoliosis.

The case below shows a 46-year-old female with untreated adolescent scoliosis. As a result, she experienced a loss of height from 5'11" to 5'5". She is decompensated forward and to the right.  She is experiencing disabling back pain.  She was treated in two stages with lateral lumbar inter-body fusions followed by posterior spinal fusion, pedicle screw and rod fixation, and ponte osteotomies.  She gained 3 inches in height, has relief of her back pain, and has significant improvement in her posture.

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First Stage

Second Stage

Second Stage

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Comparison of patient before and after operation. Note improved posture.

 

Malunion of Thoracolumbar Spine Fracture

Sometimes a patient will present with a spine fracture that has healed in a unacceptable alignment.  The case below is a 50 yo male with kidney failure who has wedged fractures of T12 and L1.  This results in severe angulation of the spine of 90 degrees (normally 0 degrees).  The patient was treated with removal of the vertebrae (vertebral column resection), straightening of the spine, and front and back fusion with pedicle screw and rod fixation.

Preop Xray with 90 degree malalignment 

Preop Xray with 90 degree malalignment 

  

Preop CT Scan with Sever fractures of T12 and L1

Preop CT Scan with Sever fractures of T12 and L1

Preop MRI which shows severe pressure on spinal cord

Preop MRI which shows severe pressure on spinal cord

Post Op xray - Treated with removal of T12 and L1, correction of malalignment, and fusion front and back

Post Op xray - Treated with removal of T12 and L1, correction of malalignment, and fusion front and back